Contact Us · About CADRE · Privacy

The National Center on Dispute Resolution in Special Education

"Encouraging the use of mediation and other collaborative strategies to resolve disagreements about special
education and early intervention programs."

RAISE Article Details

Title: Manifestation determinations under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: What the new causality criteria mean.
Publication Date: November 2006
Authors: Zirkel, P.
Source: Journal of Special Education Leadership
Volume #: 19       Issue: 2       Pages: 3-12
Abstract: In this article the author examines the concept of manifestation-determination (M-D), its evolution and criteria. The author states that with regard to M-D, the focus has shifted from the IEP to causality. The article provides a discussion related to this topic.
Categories: Research - Qualitative

Click here to go to top of page